In 1989 I bought a very rare original lute at Sotheby's in London by Sixtus Rauwolf, a prolific luthier who lived and worked in Augsburg. Only an handful of lutes have survived by him of which one is in the Metropolitan Museum in New York and one in the Claudius Collection in Copenhagen. My instrument is from c 1590 and was originally a 7 or 8 course lute. Inside there is a repair label by Leonard Mausiel, dated Nuremberg 1715 and the present neck, which allows for ten or eleven courses, is probably made by him. Dendochronology confirms that the soundboard is original and dates it 1418-1560. This instrument is thus to my knowledge the oldest lute in playing condition with its original soundboard.